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Cotchford Forge, 160m SSE of Ryecroft Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cotchford Forge, 160m SSE of Ryecroft Farm

List entry Number: 1002226

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hartfield

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 01-Jun-1976

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ES 398

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Iron has been produced in England from at least 500 BC. The iron industry, spurred on by a succession of technological developments, has played a major part in the history of the country, its production and overall importance peaking with the Industrial Revolution. Iron ores occur in a variety of forms across England, giving rise to several different extraction techniques and structures. Ore was originally smelted into iron in small, relatively low-temperature furnaces known as bloomeries. These were replaced from the 16th century by blast furnaces, which were larger and operated at a higher temperature to produce molten metal for cast iron. Cast iron is brittle, and to convert it into malleable wrought iron or steel it needs to be remelted. This was originally conducted in an open hearth in a finery forge, but technological developments, especially with steel production, gave rise to more sophisticated types of furnaces. Despite some footpath erosion, Cotchford Forge is a well preserved ironworking site and its relationship to Newbridge blast furnce enhances its importance. It is a good example of its type and typical of ironworks of the 16th to 17th century. The site has not been surveyed or excavated and as such holds a high degree of archaeological potential for further investigation.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a 16th to 17th century forge, dam, dry pond and slag heaps surviving as earthworks and below-ground archaeological remains. It is situated on the south side of a stream in Posingford Wood, at the foot of a valley, south of Upper Hartfield in the Weald. The earthen dam is about 91m long and up to 1.5m high. Large quantities of forge cinder and a small amount of furnace slag, probably imported from elsewhere, exist at the north end of the dam, where the forge and iron working area are located. To the south is a dry pond bay, about 90m long by 9m wide at the base and up to 1.5m high. A wide breach at the southern end is considered to be a spillway. Several waster bricks, which are probably debris from the forge building, have been found in the area. Cotchford Forge appears to have been worked in conjunction with Newbridge blast furnace about 1 mile upstream. Documentary sources record that it was held by John Evesfield in 1574. A conveyance of 1627 refers to Sir John Shurley handing the forge to Nicholas Smite of London. The parliamentary survey of 1656 valued the forge buildings at 35 pounds per year, but does not state whether the ironworks were still in operation. The monument excludes the surface of the bridlepath; all modern fences and fence posts; gates and gate posts. However the ground beneath all these features is included.

Sources: East Sussex HER MES5183. NMR TQ43SE2. PastScape 407042. Crossley, D. 1991. English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme. Industrial Monuments: The Iron and Steel Industries. Step 3 report. Version O (Site Assessment 54).

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: TQ 47018 33842

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2017 at 02:19:11.

End of official listing