Round barrow SW of Winchester's Pond

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002260

Date first listed: 20-Mar-1967

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow SW of Winchester's Pond
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Wealden (District Authority)

Parish: Cuckmere Valley

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TQ5372001781

Summary

Bowl Barrow on Fore Down, 1.15km north-east of Chamber’s Court.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

Despite evidence of disturbance in the past, the bowl barrow on Fore Down survives well and will contain archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 4 September 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the summit of a hill, south-west of Winchester’s Pond on the South Downs. The barrow survives as a roughly circular-shaped mound about 23m in diameter and over 1m high. A surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived, has been recorded in the past but has since been infilled and will survive as a buried feature. A central hollow in the top of the mound may be the result of an unrecorded excavation in the past.

Further archaeological remains, such as a Cross Dyke, survive in the vicinity of this monument but are not included because they have not been formally assessed.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: ES 321

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
East Sussex HER MES2982. NMR TQ50SW58. PastScape 408779.

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End of official listing