Round barrow SW of Winchester's Pond
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1002260
Date first listed: 20-Mar-1967
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This copy shows the entry on 21-Mar-2019 at 22:27:57.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
County: East Sussex
District: Wealden (District Authority)
Parish: Cuckmere Valley
National Park: SOUTH DOWNS
National Grid Reference: TQ5372001781
Bowl Barrow on Fore Down, 1.15km north-east of Chamber’s Court.
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.
Despite evidence of disturbance in the past, the bowl barrow on Fore Down survives well and will contain archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 4 September 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the summit of a hill, south-west of Winchester’s Pond on the South Downs. The barrow survives as a roughly circular-shaped mound about 23m in diameter and over 1m high. A surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived, has been recorded in the past but has since been infilled and will survive as a buried feature. A central hollow in the top of the mound may be the result of an unrecorded excavation in the past.
Further archaeological remains, such as a Cross Dyke, survive in the vicinity of this monument but are not included because they have not been formally assessed.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: ES 321
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
East Sussex HER MES2982. NMR TQ50SW58. PastScape 408779.
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing