Hut circles on Hedge Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002620

Date first listed: 28-Feb-1972

Map

Ordnance survey map of Hut circles on Hedge Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Teignbridge (District Authority)

Parish: Widecombe in the Moor

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 73082 78549, SX 73109 78568

Summary

Two stone hut circles 430m south west of Hedge Barton.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite some fallen orthostats in the south western hut circle the two stone hut circles 430m south west of Hedge Barton demonstrate different building techniques and survive well. They will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, use, relative chronologies, agricultural practices, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 12 November 2015.This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

eastern slopes of Honeybag Tor. The south western hut survives as a circular structure defined by large single orthostats, some of which have fallen, measuring up to 1m high and enclosing an interior which measures up to 6m in diameter. The north western hut circle is less substantially built and has some smaller orthostats and rubble walling with upright door jambs to the SSE and an internal diameter of up to 8m. The hut circles are both terraced into the hill.

Short lines of stones in the vicinity are possibly the remains of fields but these are not included in the scheduling because they have not been formally assessed.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: DV 857

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, Volume One - The East , (1991), 49
Other
PastScape Monument No:-445054

End of official listing