Part of the Roman town of Exeter, beneath Cathedral Green

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002632

Date first listed: 10-Jan-1973

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Part of the Roman town of Exeter, beneath Cathedral Green
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002632 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Dec-2018 at 03:54:02.

Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Exeter (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SX 92086 92607

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Roman town of Exeter was the administrative and commercial centre for the whole of the South west of England including Cornwall, Devon and Somerset. It was established on the site of an important Legionary Fortress and this served as the basis for the town for a considerable period of time. All the buildings associated with a town of this time were found in the central area, including the forum, basilica, piazza and baths. Following the collapse of the town this same area became established in ecclesiastic use for which it has since continued. As a result a considerable amount of the earlier archaeology has survives and it provides key information about the establishment of a major town during the Roman period and also information connected with its abandonment and collapse. For this reason the part of Isca Dumnoniorum which is present beneath Cathedral Green is remarkably well preserved and with its subsequent re-use as a cemetery provides an important insight into the social and economic changes within the town through time and its effects of the inhabitants.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes part of the Roman town of Exeter situated beneath Cathedral Green. The structures, deposits and layers associated with the Roman Legionary Fortress of the Second Augustan Legion established between 55 - 60 AD and the subsequent town of Isca Dumnoniorum are entirely preserved as buried features. After the redeployment of the Second Legion to South Wales in around 75 AD the legionary fortress was dismantled and the site was re-used for the foundation of the new town, which served as both the commercial and administrative capital for the whole of the South West of England. The original timber buildings of the fortress were removed but the stone bath-house continued in use until the mid-80's AD when it was partially demolished to provide a site for the forum or civic centre, although some of the bath-house walls were re-used as part of the basilica or town hall. This building contained offices, a shrine, a council chamber, market hall and magistrate's court. In front of the basilica was a piazza lined with further shops and offices and beyond this an open livestock market. The forum was probably completed in the early 90's AD when work started on the new public baths. The basilica was remodelled in the mid 4th century. By the early 5th century a breakdown in the economic and administrative system led to the desertion of the town by the mid-5th century. By the early 6th century an early Christian burial ground was established over the site of the basilica (to the west of the current Cathedral). This was succeeded by a Saxon cemetery and a new Minster church was built in the late 7th century. From 1114 the current Cathedral and Cathedral Green were established. The richness and potential of the surviving archaeology in this area of the city was revealed by partial excavations in 1971. Modern surfaces, roads, pathways, street furniture, statues and memorials (a number of which are Listed Buildings) are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath all of these features is included.

Sources: HER:- NMR:-SX99SW12 PastScape Monument No:-448306

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: DV 909

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing