Hut circle NE of Thornworthy Lodge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002650

Date first listed: 14-Jun-1977

Map

Ordnance survey map of Hut circle NE of Thornworthy Lodge
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Chagford

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 67262 85121

Summary

A stone hut circle 350m SSE of Frenchbeer Rock.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.

Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

Despite being within a modern field system and having been subject to some stone robbing the stone hut circle 350m SSE of Frenchbeer Rock survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use, farming practices, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a stone hut circle situated on the lower southern slopes of Frenchbeer Rock above the valley of the South Teign River. The stone hut circle survives with a circular interior of up to 10.5m diameter defined by partially faced orthostatic or rubble walls of up to 1m wide and 0.3m high.

Other archaeological remains within the immediate vicinity are not included in the scheduling because they have not been formally assessed.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: DV 981

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-904492

End of official listing