Hut circle NE of Thornworthy Lodge
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1002650
Date first listed: 14-Jun-1977
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: West Devon (District Authority)
National Park: DARTMOOR
National Grid Reference: SX 67262 85121
A stone hut circle 350m SSE of Frenchbeer Rock.
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.
Despite being within a modern field system and having been subject to some stone robbing the stone hut circle 350m SSE of Frenchbeer Rock survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use, farming practices, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes a stone hut circle situated on the lower southern slopes of Frenchbeer Rock above the valley of the South Teign River. The stone hut circle survives with a circular interior of up to 10.5m diameter defined by partially faced orthostatic or rubble walls of up to 1m wide and 0.3m high.
Other archaeological remains within the immediate vicinity are not included in the scheduling because they have not been formally assessed.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: DV 981
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:-904492
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing