Hut circles W of Higher Shapley

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002651

Date first listed: 14-Jun-1977

Map

Ordnance survey map of Hut circles W of Higher Shapley
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Chagford

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 68075 84691, SX 68082 84751

Summary

Prehistoric settlement and associated field system 280m west of Higher Shapley.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.

Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The prehistoric settlement and associated field system 280m west of Higher Shapley survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to this area during the prehistoric period. The settlement lies on the interface between present day moorland and enclosed land and is an example of good survival within more intensively used farmland.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a prehistoric settlement and associated field system situated on a gentle east-facing slope overlooking the valley of the North Walla Brook. The prehistoric settlement includes at least four stone hut circles sitting within a field system. The stone hut circles survive as circular buildings denoted by rubble and orthostatic walling standing up to 1.4m high. The field system includes several lengths of boulder and rubble walling standing up to 0.7m high.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: DV 983

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape: 443835

End of official listing