Earthwork on Shipton Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1002779

Date first listed: 24-Mar-1958

Map

Ordnance survey map of Earthwork on Shipton Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002779 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 16-Oct-2018 at 19:28:09.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Loders

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset (District Authority)

Parish: Shipton Gorge

National Grid Reference: SY 50763 92141

Summary

Iron Age defended settlement 360m WNW of Higher Sturthill Farm.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. Univallate sites have a single bank and ditch, multivallate sites more than one. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. Despite partial excavation the Iron Age defended settlement 360m WNW of Higher Sturthill Farm survives well and will contain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, function, longevity, development, social organisation, domestic arrangements, agricultural practices, trade and overall landscape context.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 21 December 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes an Iron Age defended settlement situated on and occupying the summit of a steeply sided and prominent knoll known as Shipton Hill. The settlement survives as an elongated oval enclosure of approximately 3.7ha defined by natural slopes to the west and east but by banks with ditches to the north and south sides. To the south the bank is up to 10m wide and 2.5m high and is cut by a modern track the ditch is 5m wide and 0.5m deep. To the north the bank is up to 10m wide and 1.3m high and a modern bank lies within the line of the ditch. Within the interior is a small circular mound measuring 10m in diameter and 0.2m high with a surrounding visible quarry ditch which supports a triangulation pillar. This has been interpreted as a possible bowl barrow. Partial excavations produced Iron Age pottery, hammer stones, flint flakes and scrapers, spindle whorls, sling stones, quern fragments, a Kimmeridge Shale ring, and a possible bronze spear tip. This prominent hill was also the site of a beacon.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: DO 287

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-451331 and 884572

End of official listing