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Wyke barns

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Wyke barns

List entry Number: 1002844

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Castleton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 21-Jul-1961

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DO 447

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Two tithe barns at Wyke Farm.

Reasons for Designation

The church in medieval Britain was of vital importance in all parts of life, not just deaths, baptisms and marriages. Church services were the framework of everyday existence and the strict calendar of festivals, Saint’s Days and events laid out by church authority were pivotal. Not only were charges levied for all services provided by the church, but peasants and farmers were expected to provide labour for free and one tenth of their yearly produce to the church as a form of tax called a tithe. Failure to pay tithes was likely to result in eternity spent in Hell undergoing torment, a fate regularly re-iterated during services to ensure parishioners fully complied. The tithe normally took the form of a tenth of the harvested grain which had to be stored in specially constructed barns known as tithe barns which could be extremely grand buildings exhibiting the best aspects of local building methods and materials. The two tithe barns at Wyke Farm stand to full height remain in use and retain many original features.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 20 January 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes two tithe barns situated on a gentle south east facing slope on the north side of the wide valley of the River Yeo. The tithe barns survive as two rectangular upstanding roofed buildings forming a continuous range and standing to full height. The north western barn has seven bays and two opposed extending gabled porches. The south eastern has twelve bays and two similar porches to the north east with through entrances without porches on the western side of the barn. A solid internal wall with a through doorway divides the two barns. Many of the roofing timbers are original, although some restoration has occurred to the lower barn. The barns date to the 16th century and retain many original features a later building has been added to the north east end and pigsties to the north eastern side which are not included in the scheduling. The barns are within the manor of Wyke which once formed part of Sherborne Abbey. The barns are listed Grade II*.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-199554

National Grid Reference: ST 60021 14606

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002844 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2017 at 02:19:31.

End of official listing