This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Round barrows on Cross Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrows on Cross Hill

List entry Number: 1002855

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Dorset

District: West Dorset

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Sydling St. Nicholas

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-May-1962

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DO 468

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Three bowl barrows 355m north-west of Upper Sydling Farm.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation and reduction in the height of one mound through cultivation, the three bowl barrows 355m north west of Upper Sydling Farm survive well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices, relationship with the adjoining enclosure and overall landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 27 January 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument, which falls into three areas, includes three bowl barrows situated on the summit of the prominent Cross Hill overlooking the dry valleys of Fisher’s Bottom and Ayle’s Bottom and the source of the Sydling Water. The barrows survive as circular mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches from which the construction material was derived. The eastern mound measures 22m in diameter and 0.5m high, the central mound is 26m in diameter and 0.8m high and the western mound stands up to 18m in diameter and 1.7m high. The western mound has an early excavation trench on the northern side and is closely associated with an enclosure which is scheduled separately.

Selected Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-199212 and 199198

National Grid Reference: ST 62162 01646, ST 62262 01675, ST 62296 01680

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1002855 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 14-Dec-2017 at 02:33:08.

End of official listing