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Iron Age defended settlement called Roborough Castle

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Iron Age defended settlement called Roborough Castle

List entry Number: 1003281

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Lynton and Lynmouth

National Park: EXMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-May-1949

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: DV 242

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the Iron Age a variety of different types of settlement were constructed and occupied in south western England. At the top of the settlement hierarchy were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a group of smaller sites, known as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others in less prominent positions. They are generally smaller than the hillforts, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction. Univallate sites have a single bank and ditch. At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Where excavated, evidence of stone- or timber-built houses has been found within the enclosures, which, in contrast to the hillfort sites, would have been occupied by small communities, perhaps no more than a single family group. Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the settlement pattern, particularly in the upland areas of south western England, and are integral to any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. Despite reduction in the height of the rampart and disturbance to the interior through cultivation and some limited quarrying in the south western part of the enclosure, Roborough Castle survives comparatively well and will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use and landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes an Iron Age defended settlement known as Roborough Castle situated on a hill slope overlooking the valley of Hoaroak Water. The defended settlement survives as an oval enclosure measuring up to 70 m long by 64m wide internally defined by a single rampart and partially buried outer ditch. The rampart bank is up to 1.7m high and the ditch up to 4.3m wide and 0.6m deep. There is a simple gap entrance to the south east. There are two low irregular shaped platforms in the centre of the enclosure. The defended settlement is shown on the 1840 Tithe map and annotated 'Danish Fort'.

Sources: NMR:-SS74NW13 PastScape Monument No:-35176

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SS 73060 45988

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1003281 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 11-Dec-2017 at 05:58:23.

End of official listing