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Tithe barn

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Tithe barn

List entry Number: 1003539

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Worcestershire

District: Wychavon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: North and Middle Littleton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Nov-1925

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: WT 309

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Tithe Barn 100m north-west of the Church of St. Nicholas.

Reasons for Designation

During the medieval period, tenant farms contributed a tithe, meaning a tenth of their produce to the church. The function of a tithe barn was to store the produce of the farm, and of the other farms of the manor. Tithes first came to England with St Augustine (d. 604) and by the end of the 10th century, tithe payments had become compulsory, therefore during the next four to five centuries, tithe barns were constructed to store this produce. Despite partial demolition and the attached 19th century building, the tithe barn 100m north-west of the Church of St. Nicholas survives very well and retains important architectural features.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 27 May 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a tithe barn situated on the eastern side of the River Avon in Middle Littleton. The monument survives as a tithe barn that was constructed of limestone with Cotswold stone dressings in 1376. The barn is approximately 44m long, 12m wide and 12m high with a double pitched stone tile roof and stone coped gables. The southern façade has a projecting gabled porch with stone coping and a clover leaf finial and a round headed chamfered entrance archway. Between the entrance arch and buttresses are 12 square ventilation holes that continue to the apex of the gable. The barn has eight buttresses separated by slit ventilation holes with deep splays and some wooden lintels. To the east of the projecting entrance porch is a flat arched cart entrance. The eastern end has three large buttresses divided by slit and square ventilation holes. The northern façade has two smaller gabled entrance porches and nine buttresses. The roof has raised crucks and the barn has a flagstone floor with two rows of wooden posts on stone bases. The tithe barn was constructed in 1376 for Evesham Abbey.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, Brooks, A, The Buildings of England: Worcestershire, (2007)
Other
PastScape Monument No:- 328265

National Grid Reference: SP 07990 47067

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1003539 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 07:49:04.

End of official listing