World War II underground operational post, 1/3 mile (540m) SW of Chapel Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1003781

Date first listed: 10-Oct-1975

Map

Ordnance survey map of World War II underground operational post, 1/3 mile (540m) SW of Chapel Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Shepway (District Authority)

Parish: Burmarsh

National Grid Reference: TR 07265 31497

Summary

World War II auxiliary hide or underground observational post.

Reasons for Designation

From the summer of 1940 England's defences were strengthened against the threat of German invasion. A large number of diverse defensive structures were built across the whole country, from road and rail blocks to underground ‘hides’, from earthwork gun emplacements to barbed wire entanglements, anti-tank ditches and pillboxes. The most substantial of these were the pillboxes, small reinforced concrete or brick buildings of a diversity of shapes and forms, designed to house either infantry, anti-tank guns or field artillery. The full range of defensive structures was generally complementary, however, and a variety of structures were therefore built together, either at vulnerable or strategically important nodal points, along the coast, on the communications network, around vital installations such as airfields, or arranged in linear defensive systems called Stop Lines that were intended to obstruct the enemy's advance.

An auxiliary hide was a Second World War secret base, forming part of Britain’s anti-invasion defences. Sometimes partially underground, they were intended for the use of the British resistance in the eventuality of an invasion. In the event of a German invasion it was intended that saboteurs or resistance fighters should hide at the post and operate behind the invaders' lines.

Despite some later alterations, the World War II auxiliary hide 527m south-west of Chapel Farm is a good example of its type which survives well. The auxiliary hide has seen little disturbance since the Second World War and includes original fittings such as two double-decker bunk beds, a wooden seat, shelves and a water tank. The base is cleverly concealed and well demonstrates a significant aspect of England’s anti-invasion strategy, acting as an operating position for saboteurs following the landing of enemy forces on the south coast.

Details

This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a World War II auxiliary hide or underground observational post surviving as upstanding and below-ground remains. It is situated on low-lying ground on Romney Marsh, south of Chapel Lane near Newchurch.

The auxiliary hide is a rectangular room 2.1m by 2.4m by 4.6m with brick-lined walls and a concrete floor and roof. It is concealed below-ground in the bank of a drain at the edge of a field on Romney Marsh. The hide is entered through 3.7m shafts at either end. The original hatches have been replaced by later cast-iron hatches. The fittings in the interior include two double-decker bunk beds, a wooden seat, shelves and a water tank.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: KE 278

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
Kent HER TR03SE9. NMR TR03SE9. PastScape 462979.,

End of official listing