Two kerbed cairns 285m north east of Higher Botallack

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1004279

Date first listed: 03-Nov-1970

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two kerbed cairns 285m north east of Higher Botallack
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Just

National Grid Reference: SW 38286 33127

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Kerbed cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds defined by an outer kerb of upright stones or walling covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, kerbed cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite stone robbing, the two kerbed cairns 285m north east of Higher Botallack survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two kerbed cairns, situated on the summit of Carn Bean within Carnyorth Common. The two kerbed cairns survive as closely-spaced circular stony mounds of up to 18m in diameter with partly visible retaining stone built kerbs. The north western cairn has a kerb of up to 0.3m high and partly incorporates a natural rock outcrop. The mound stands up to 0.8m high. A cluster of stones near the centre may form part of a cist. The cairn has been partly cut by an enclosure wall, connected with ancillary buildings, for a nearby mast. The south eastern cairn has several visible protruding stones forming its retaining kerb. It stands to a maximum height of 1m. Both cairns have been subject to some surface stone quarrying.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-421776

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: CO 737

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing