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Ring cairn 305m NNW of Joppa Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Ring cairn 305m NNW of Joppa Farm

List entry Number: 1004284

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Just

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 28-Jul-1971

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 745

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples. Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. They are relatively rare as a monument type. Despite partial early excavation, the ring cairn 305m NNW of Joppa Farm survives comparatively well and will contain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a ring cairn, situated on a ridge overlooking the valley of an unnamed river leading to Porth Nanven. The cairn survives as a circular bank, defining a hollow centre, with an overall diameter of 19m and standing between 0.5m to 1.5m high. The inner face of the bank is approximately 12m in diameter and defined by a partial stone built kerb of at least nine stones. A field boundary overlies part of the periphery of the bank, and there is a break on the north side. The ring cairn was partially excavated by Borlase in the 19th century. He found the circular bank with an inner ring of stones surrounded a cist; pottery sherds were recovered from the ring bank. The ring cairn was also recorded by Henderson in the 1920's.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-420589

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SW3796129651

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 06:10:48.

End of official listing