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Medieval chapel enclosure 340m south east of Hendra Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Medieval chapel enclosure 340m south east of Hendra Farm

List entry Number: 1004339

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Grade-Ruan

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Jun-1970

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 700

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A medieval chapel is a building, usually rectangular, containing a range of furnishings and fittings appropriate for Christian worship in the pre- Reformation period. Chapels were designed for congregational worship and were generally divided into two main parts: the nave, which provided accommodation for the laity, and the chancel, which was the main domain of the priest and contained the principal altar. Around 4000 parochial chapels were built between the 12th and 17th centuries as subsidiary places of worship built for the convenience of parishioners who lived at a distance from the main parish church. Chapels, like parish churches, have always been major features of the landscape. A significant number of surviving examples are identified as being nationally important. The sites of abandoned chapels, where positively identified, are particularly worthy of statutory protection as they were often left largely undisturbed and thus retain important information about the nature and date of their use up to their abandonment. Despite some modern disturbance, the medieval chapel enclosure 340m south east of Hendra Farm will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its function, longevity, possible re-use, social and religious significance, abandonment and overall landscape context.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a medieval chapel enclosure, situated beside a road called Friar's Lane. The enclosure survives as a rectangular area measuring approximately 50m long by 35m wide defined by stone and earth built hedges of up to 1.5m wide and 1.2m high. Buildings, structures, deposits and features within the enclosed area are preserved as buried features. Traditionally known as the site of a chapel and cemetery, there is no known documentation before 1757 when it was referred to in a rental as 'Parkan Chapple'. By 1840 it is called 'Chapel Garden' and according to Henderson is known locally as 'Chapel Archer' or 'Chapel Orchard'. Henderson also suggested tradition holds that it was a Quakers burial ground, although there is no specific evidence that it was ever used by this Society. Carved stones at Hendra and a font at Mullion are also attributed as having come from this location.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-426745

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SW 70835 17342

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Nov-2017 at 05:53:12.

End of official listing