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Platform barrow and four bowl barrows south of Carn Maer forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Platform barrow and four bowl barrows south of Carn Maer forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

List entry Number: 1004367

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Grade-Ruan

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jan-1962

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 609

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Platform barrows, funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC), are the rarest of the recognised types of round barrow, with fewer than 50 examples recorded nationally. They occur widely across southern England with a marked concentration in East and West Sussex and can occur either in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of barrows) or singly. They were constructed as low, flat-topped mounds of earth surrounded by a shallow ditch, occasionally crossed by an entrance causeway. None of the known examples stands higher than 1m above ground level, and most are considerably lower than this. Due to their comparative visual insignificance when compared to the larger types of round barrow, few were explored by 19th century antiquarians. As a result, few platform barrows are disturbed by excavation and, consequently, they remain a poorly understood class of monument. Their importance lies in their potential for illustrating the diversity of beliefs and burial practices in the Bronze Age.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

Despite some partial excavation and adaptive re-use, the platform barrow and four bowl barrows south of Carn Maer forming part of a round barrow cemetery survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices, adaptive re-use and overall landscape context.

History

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Details

The monument, which falls into five areas of protection, includes a platform barrow and four bowl barrows situated on the western side of Goonhilly Downs. It forms part of an extensive and dispersed round barrow cemetery. The northern platform barrow survives as a low circular mound measuring up to 24m in diameter and 0.7m high, with a slightly raised outer rim and a partially buried surrounding quarry ditch of up to 0.3m deep, cut by later peat cutting in places. The bowl barrows all survive as circular mounds, surrounded by buried quarry ditches from which the construction material was derived. The eastern barrow mound is 21m in diameter and 1.3m high, with an external retaining kerb of stones visible for much of the circumference. The ditch has been cut slightly by a field boundary on the western side and the top of the mound is crossed by a linear trench. To the west, and contained within a small enclosure, is a further barrow standing up to 33.5m in diameter and 1.1m high. A secondary off-centre mound and a number of surrounding flat-bottomed shallow pits suggest its re-use as a Second World War gun emplacement. To the west is a 15m diameter and up to 0.7m high barrow built on a rock outcrop. The westernmost barrow measures 20m in diameter and 1.2m high. It has a trench across the summit and a further hollow to the north west.

Further barrows, which form part of the cemetery, are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-426575, 426572, 426617 and 426687

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SW7063119422, SW7086919554, SW7106419720, SW7124919525, SW7133319519

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2017 at 07:21:30.

End of official listing