Roman camp 405m west of The Bungalow


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1005422

Date first listed: 16-Jun-1951

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Ordnance survey map of Roman camp 405m west of The Bungalow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Bath and North East Somerset (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Stoke

National Grid Reference: ST7142968918

Reasons for Designation

Roman camps are rectangular or sub-rectangular enclosures which were constructed and used by Roman soldiers either when out on campaign or as practice camps. Most campaign camps were only temporary overnight bases and few were used for longer periods. They were bounded by a single earthen rampart and outer ditch and in plan are always straight-sided with rounded corners. Normally they have between one and four entrances, although as many as eleven have been recorded. Such entrances were usually centrally placed in the sides of the camp and were often protected by additional defensive outworks. Roman camps are found throughout much of England, although most known examples lie in the midlands and north. Around 140 examples have been identified and, as one of the various types of defensive enclosure built by the Roman Army, particularly in hostile upland and frontier areas, they provide an important insight into Roman military strategy and organisation. Despite past cultivation the Roman camp 405m west of The Bungalow survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, military and strategic significance, possible adaptive re-use and overall landscape context.


The monument includes a Roman camp, situated on the upper north-facing slopes of the prominent Lansdown Hill. The camp survives as a rectangular enclosure measuring approximately 100m long by 55m wide internally. It is defined by a stony bank standing up to 1m high and a buried outer ditch on all except the north western side and has an entrance on the middle of the south eastern side. Further archaeological remains survive in the immediate vicinity, some of which are scheduled separately.

Sources: PastScape 203719


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: BA 21

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing