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Earthwork NW of Childown Farm on Chobham Common

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Earthwork NW of Childown Farm on Chobham Common

List entry Number: 1005951

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Surrey Heath

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Chobham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-May-1953

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: SU 71

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Triple-banked enclosure, 315m east of Honey Cottage on Chobham Common

Reasons for Designation

Enclosures are man-made works which can date from the Bronze Age to the Post Medieval period. They are usually constructed as a means of protection or demarcation whether for animals or humans and are commonly denoted by banks and/or ditches.

The enclosure at Old Slade, Chobham Common survives well in an area of open heathland with little present day development. As such, the site has a high degree of potential for further archaeological investigation. Despite the uncertainty concerning its identification it is clear that this earthwork is very unusual in form and must be considered of archaeological importance. It is likely that the earthwork will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the enclosure and the landscape in which it was built.

History

See Details

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17/10/14. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

DESCRIPTION The monument includes a quadrangular earthwork enclosure, denoted by three banks and two ditches. It is situated on gently sloping heathland in a low-lying area of Chobham Common known as ‘Old Slade’. The enclosure measures about 55m NNE to SSW by 64m WNW to ESE and has slightly rounded corners. There is a causeway entrance in the centre of the NNE side and another opposite in the SSW side. The two ‘V’ shaped ditches are 1.2m deep from the top of the bank. On the ESE side the monument has been disturbed by an excavation trench of unknown date. The original use of the earthwork is uncertain although it has been suggested that it may have been a medieval pig enclosure or a defensive work of earlier origin.

Further archaeological remains survive within the vicinity of this monument but are not included because they have not been formally assessed. A possible Roman road running across Chobham Common, to the east of the earthwork, has been identified from aerial photographs.

Selected Sources

Other
Surrey HER 1857. NMR SU96SE5, SU96SE12. PastScape 250959, 250978.

National Grid Reference: SU 99394 63896

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 01:17:00.

End of official listing