Wood Barrow round barrow See also DEVON 238

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1006209

Date first listed: 01-Nov-1934

Map

Ordnance survey map of Wood Barrow round barrow
See also DEVON 238
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Challacombe

County: Somerset

District: West Somerset (District Authority)

Parish: Exmoor

National Park: EXMOOR

National Grid Reference: SS 71631 42506

Summary

Bowl barrow called Wood Barrow.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite some disturbance through early excavation Wood Barrow survives well and will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use and landscape context.

History

See Details.

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 29 July 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a bowl barrow known as Wood Barrow situated on a prominent ridge overlooking the valleys of the River Barle and the Yarbury Combe. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 26m in diameter and 2.5m high. The surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived survives as a buried feature up to 3m wide. There is a central excavation hollow. The name Wood Barrow may be derived from ‘Ward Barrow’ from where watch and ward were kept and it was probably used as a beacon. It was probably in use as a boundary marker as early as 1207. It is mentioned in The Survey of Exmoor Chase dated to 1651.

Other standing stones and barrows in the vicinity are not included in the scheduling because they have not been formally assessed.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: SO 168

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-35361

End of official listing