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Defended settlement on White Hill, 700m south east of Kimmerston

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Defended settlement on White Hill, 700m south east of Kimmerston

List entry Number: 1006408

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Ford

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jan-1980

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ND 624

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the mid-prehistoric period (seventh to fifth centuries BC) a variety of different types of defensive settlements began to be constructed and occupied in the northern uplands of England. The most obvious sites were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a range of smaller sites, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha and defined as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others are found in less prominent positions. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction, some sites having a single bank and ditch (univallate), others having more than one (multivallate). At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Within the enclosure a number of stone or timber-built round houses were occupied by the inhabitants. Stock may also have been kept in these houses, especially during the cold winter months, or in enclosed yards outside them. The communities occupying these sites were probably single family groups, the defended settlements being used as farmsteads. Construction and use of this type of site extended over several centuries, possibly through to the early Romano-British period (mid to late first century AD). Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern of the northern uplands and are important for any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are believed to be of national importance. Despite the fact that it has been subject to cultivation, the defended settlement on White Hill retains significant archaeological deposits within the buried features such as pits and ditches. This settlement will provide insight into the construction, use and abandonment of the monument and will add to our knowledge and understanding of settlement and subsistence during the Iron Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried remains of an Iron Age multivallate defended settlement situated on a spur on the western flank of White Hill. The settlement, which is visible on aerial photographs as a cropmark, is perfectly circular in plan enclosing an area of 0.4ha. It is surrounded by three ditches which are spaced between 10m to 15m apart.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 3624 NMR:- NT93NE19 Northumberland HER:- 1961

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NT 96261 35293

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 01:23:41.

End of official listing