Cairn cemetery 700yds (640m) NE of Cateran Hill
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1006453
Date first listed: 08-Jun-1971
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: NU 10987 23564
Cairnfield, 755m ESE of Cateran Hole.
Reasons for Designation
Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture, and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots. However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials. Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC), although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the prehistoric period.
The Cairnfield 755m ESE of Cateran Hole is reasonably well-preserved and is representative of its period. The presence of upstanding cairns indicates that the monument will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction and use and will inform our understanding of prehistoric land-use.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 31 May 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes the remains of a cairnfield of Neolithic/Bronze Age date situated on the north east slopes of Cateran Hill. The group consists of at least 30 cairns which vary in diameter from 2m to 9m and in height from 0.3m to 0.9m. Comparison with other cairnfields suggests that the group will contain a mixture of funerary cairns and clearance cairns.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: ND 495
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:- 7529
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing