Cairnfield, on eastern edge of Ros Hill Wood

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1006461
Date first listed:
10-Mar-1969
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Cairnfield, on eastern edge of Ros Hill Wood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
District:
Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
Parish:
Chatton
National Grid Reference:
NU 09646 26122

Reasons for Designation

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture, and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots. However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials. Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC), although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the prehistoric period. The cairnfield, on eastern edge of Ros Hill Wood is well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits within, beneath and between the burial and clearance cairns. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the survival of further cairnfields close to the west and south west and the large cairnfield on Sandyford Moor to the north east. Taken together they represent a landscape of concentrated Bronze Age activity focusing on both field clearance for agriculture and burial of the dead. As such the monument is particularly representative of the period and will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of Bronze Age ritual and funerary practice.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Bronze Age cairnfield situated on the summit and upper slopes of Willie Law. The cairnfield extends across an area of approximately 12.4ha and contains at least 70 cairns, which vary in diameter from 2m to 11m. Several of the cairns exhibit visible kerbstones, which indicate them to be burial cairns. Comparison with other sites suggests that the cairnfield will also contain clearance cairns.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 5543 NMR:- NU02NE34 Northumberland HER:- 3419

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
ND 454
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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