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Cairnfield, on eastern edge of Ros Hill Wood

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cairnfield, on eastern edge of Ros Hill Wood

List entry Number: 1006461

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Chatton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Mar-1969

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ND 454

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture, and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots. However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials. Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC), although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the prehistoric period. The cairnfield, on eastern edge of Ros Hill Wood is well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits within, beneath and between the burial and clearance cairns. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the survival of further cairnfields close to the west and south west and the large cairnfield on Sandyford Moor to the north east. Taken together they represent a landscape of concentrated Bronze Age activity focusing on both field clearance for agriculture and burial of the dead. As such the monument is particularly representative of the period and will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of Bronze Age ritual and funerary practice.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Bronze Age cairnfield situated on the summit and upper slopes of Willie Law. The cairnfield extends across an area of approximately 12.4ha and contains at least 70 cairns, which vary in diameter from 2m to 11m. Several of the cairns exhibit visible kerbstones, which indicate them to be burial cairns. Comparison with other sites suggests that the cairnfield will also contain clearance cairns.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 5543 NMR:- NU02NE34 Northumberland HER:- 3419

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NU 09646 26122

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 06:42:12.

End of official listing