Defended settlement, 360m north east of Pike House


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1006477

Date first listed: 23-Jan-1968

Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


Ordnance survey map of Defended settlement, 360m north east of Pike House
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Location Description: Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Brinkburn

National Grid Reference: NZ 07679 99678


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

During the earlier Iron Age (seventh to fifth centuries BC) a variety of different types of defensive settlements began to be constructed and occupied in the northern uplands of England. The most obvious sites were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a range of smaller sites, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha and defined as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others are found in less prominent positions. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction, some sites having a single bank and ditch (univallate), others having more than one (multivallate). At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Within the enclosure a number of stone or timber-built round houses were occupied by the inhabitants. Stock may also have been kept in these houses, especially during the cold winter months, or in enclosed yards outside them. The communities occupying these sites were probably single family groups, the defended settlements being used as farmsteads. Construction and use of this type of site extended over several centuries, possibly through to the early Romano-British period (mid to late first century AD). Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern of the northern uplands and are important for any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are believed to be of national importance. The defended settlement 360m NNE of Pike House is reasonably well-preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment, and environmental deposits related to the nature and use of the surrounding landscape. Taken together with further prehistoric remains situated to the west, it will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of the character of Iron Age settlement and subsistence.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of a defended settlement of Iron Age date, situated on a north easterly projecting spur with extensive views to the east and south. The sub-oval enclosure measures approximately 75m WNW to ESE by 58m transversely. Surrounding the enclosure are the remains of a double bank of earth and stone with a medial ditch. The outer bank is visible on the east and south sides as an intermittent low earthwork while the inner bank is more substantial. The earthworks are interrupted by entrances on the east side and the north side, the former being inturned.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 21255 NMR:- NZ09NE20 Northumberland HER:- 10754


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: ND 430

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

End of official listing