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Bagraw Roman camp and section of Roman road, 463m NNW of Bagraw

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bagraw Roman camp and section of Roman road, 463m NNW of Bagraw

List entry Number: 1006506

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Rochester

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Feb-1961

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: ND 320

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Roman camps are rectangular or sub-rectangular enclosures which were constructed and used by Roman soldiers either when out on campaign or as practice camps; most campaign camps were only temporary overnight bases and few were used for longer periods. They were bounded by a single earthen rampart and outer ditch and in plan are always straight-sided with rounded corners. Normally they have between one and four entrances, although as many as eleven have been recorded. Such entrances were usually centrally placed in the sides of the camp and were often protected by additional defensive outworks. Roman camps are found throughout much of England, although most known examples lie in the midlands and north. Around 140 examples have been identified and, as one of the various types of defensive enclosure built by the Roman Army, particularly in hostile upland and frontier areas, they provide an important insight into Roman military strategy and organisation. All well-preserved examples are identified as being of national importance.

Bagraw Roman camp is reasonably well-preserved and contains significant archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment. It is one of a group of similar camps constructed along the Roman Road Dere Street, one of the principal routes northwards, and provides insight into Roman military strategy in the area to the north of Hadrian's Wall. Taken together with other Roman monuments in the area it will contribute to our understanding of the Roman military occupation of North Britain.

History

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Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes the remains of a Roman temporary camp and section of Dere Street, situated on a long narrow ridge oriented north west to south east overlooking the River Rede to the west, and naturally defended on its east side by the steep slope descending down into Bagraw Burn. The camp is situated equidistant between the Roman forts of Blakehope and High Rochester. Local topography has dictated that this camp is of unusual form comprising two separate enclosures set end to end to form a narrow irregular rectangle. Both enclosures are of similar size and shape being c. 3.5ha. in area and both are surrounded by a rampart and outer ditch, visible as earthworks. The maximum height of the rampart is approximately 1.1m to 1.4m externally and the maximum depth of the ditch is 0.7m. The more northerly enclosure has entrances through its eastern and southern sides, that in the latter being 6.5m wide and providing access between the two enclosures. A section of Roman road some 5m to the west of the Roman camp is visible as a slight earthwork.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 17356 NMR:- NY89NW20 Northumberland HER:- 8104

Selected Sources

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National Grid Reference: NY 84924 96600, NY 84939 96353

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 11:35:02.

End of official listing