Find out about listed buildings and other protected sites, and search the National Heritage List for England (NHLE).
See our extensive range of expert advice to help you care for and protect historic places.
Discover and use our high-quality applied research to support the protection and management of the historic environment.
Historic England holds an extensive range of publications and historic collections in its public archive covering the historic environment.
Find out about services offered by Historic England for funding, planning, education and research, as well as training and skill development.
Explore the many ways you can help to support the incredibly rich and varied heritage.
Read about our current news, projects and campaigns nationally and in your area.
Listed on the National Heritage List for England.
Search over 400,000 listed places
Location of this list entry and nearby places that are also listed. Use our map search to find more listed places.
This map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale.
The National Heritage List for England is a unique register of our country's most significant historic buildings and sites. The places on the list are protected by law and most are not open to the public.
The list includes:
Find out more about listing
Search over 1 million photographs and drawings from the 1850s to the present day using our images archive.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
Enclosed settlement, 612m south west of Old Fawdon Hill.
In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.The enclosed settlement south west of Old Fawdon Hill is an example of an important regional monument type. The form and character of native settlement north of Hadrian’s Wall is of particular importance in informing us of the reaction of the indigenous population to the Roman occupation of Britain. The value of the monument is increased by its proximity to a number of Iron Age and Romano-British monuments with Old Fawdon Hill prehistoric defended settlement lying uphill to the north east, Chubden prehistoric defended settlement to the ESE and the prehistoric landscape of Ingram Farm to the north west.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17 May 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. The monument includes a small enclosed settlement of Romano-British date, situated on the lower south west slopes of Old Fawdon Hill. The enclosure measures approximately 22m south west-north east and 24m south east-north west. It is surrounded by an intermittent sub-oval earth and stone bank varying in height from 0.3m to 0.8m and spread up to 5m in width. The north edge of the enclosure is a natural south facing scarp 0.3m high. The rampart has been partially slighted by ridge-and-furrow. Within the interior there is a sub-rectangular platform measuring 8m by 6m, which is understood to be the remains of a house platform. The form of the earthworks indicates it to be a Romano-British settlement enclosure.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
OtherPastScape Monument No:- 5374
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
This map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. This copy shows the entry on 17-Aug-2022 at 18:36:40.
© Crown Copyright and database right 2022. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2022. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.
End of official list entry
User contributions are not fact checked and do not represent the official position of Historic England.
Request a correction of the list entry
Read the Enriching the List Terms and Conditions
For any other issue or if you need help, please email:
Our website works best with the latest version of the browsers below, unfortunately your browser is not supported. Using an old browser means that some parts of our website might not work correctly.