Saucer barrow, 350m east of Middleton Hall

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1007080
Date first listed:
18-Nov-1977
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Saucer barrow, 350m east of Middleton Hall
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
County:
Cumbria
District:
South Lakeland (District Authority)
Parish:
Middleton
National Grid Reference:
SD 63081 87491

Reasons for Designation

Saucer barrows are funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, most examples dating to between 1800 and l200 BC. They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of round barrows). They were constructed as a circular area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and largely occupied by a single low, squat mound covering one or more burials, usually in a pit. The burials, either inhumations or cremations, are sometimes accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. Saucer barrows are one of the rarest recognised forms of round barrow, with about 60 known examples nationally, most of which are in Wessex. The presence of grave goods within the barrows provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a rare and fragile form of round barrow, all identified saucer barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance. Round barrow, 350m east of Middleton Hall is well-preserved as an earthwork and geophysical survey has indicated that the monument also includes buried remains in the form of an additional ditch. The monument is of a rare type that is even rarer outside of southern England and is highly representative of its period. The monument provides insight into Early Bronze Age funerary rituals and wider insight into Bronze Age cosmologies and social organisation.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a Bronze Age saucer barrow situated just off the south west end of a south west-north east running ridge with a commanding view of the Lune Valley. At the centre of the monument is a large round mound with a height of 0.6m and a diameter of approximately 12m. The mound is surrounded by a berm, bank and ditch with the whole having a diameter of about 30m. The bank is 6m wide and 0.5m high and has opposed 1.3m wide entrances on its north west and south east sides, whilst the ditch is 2m to 3m wide and 0.20m deep. A resistivity survey of the site revealed the mound to be surrounded by a double ring ditch, which indicates that in addition to the visible earthworks at least one additional ditch is preserved as a buried feature. Further archaeological remains in the vicinity have not been assessed for designation.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 44076 NMR:- SD68NW2 Cumbria HER:- 2586

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
CU 494
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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