Moated site, 340m north east of Moorwell Bridge

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1007134
Date first listed:
18-Jan-1964
Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moated site, 340m north east of Moorwell Bridge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

Location Description:
Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.
County:
Cumbria
District:
Eden (District Authority)
Parish:
Alston Moor
National Grid Reference:
NY 71498 46692

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains. The moated site, 340m north east of Moorwell Bridge survives well. The monument is representative of its period and will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment. In addition, features such as the moat ditch will contain environmental deposits relating to the use of the surrounding landscape and information on earlier land use will be preserved within soils buried beneath the artificially raised ground.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a medieval moated site situated on an east facing slope on the west side of the River South Tyne. The river forms the south east side of the moated site, with moat ditches with counterscarp banks forming the west and northern sides. The moated island is an artificially levelled mound of moraine upon which there are the buried remains of a building. In the vicinity of the monument there are further archaeological remains that have not been assessed for designation. Finds made during the 19th century indicate that a fortified house once stood on the mound.

SOURCES PastScape Monument No:- 15068 NMR:- NZ74NW4 Cumbria HER:- 775

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
CU 373
Legacy System:
RSM - OCN

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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