Cairns on Cardunneth Pike
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1007232
Date first listed: 27-Mar-1966
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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2018 at 12:08:52.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Carlisle (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: NY 55868 51995, NY 55900 51957
Round cairns, 772m east of Turnberry House.
Reasons for Designation
Round cairn cemeteries date to the Bronze Age. They comprise groups of cairns sited in close proximity to one another and take the form of stone mounds constructed to cover single or multiple burials. Contemporary or later `flat' graves may lie between individual cairns. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time and they can exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form. Occasionally they are associated with earlier long cairns. They may also be associated with clearance cairns - heaps of stones cleared from the adjacent ground surface to improve its quality for agricultural activities; these were also being constructed during the Bronze Age, although some examples are of later date. It may be impossible without excavation to distinguish between some burial and clearance cairns. Round cairn cemeteries occur throughout most of upland Britain; their distribution pattern complements that of contemporary lowland earthen round barrows. Often occupying prominent locations they are a major historic element in the modern landscape. Their diversity and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.
Despite some modern disturbance the round cairns 772m east of Turnberry House are reasonably well-preserved with partial excavation showing that the cairns will contain archaeological deposits relating to their construction and use. The cairns are located in a prominent location within an upland landscape and are good examples of their class. The monument provides insight into the character of Bronze Age funerary rituals and provides information on landscape use during the period.
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 25 February 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.
The monument includes the remains of a group of round cairns of Bronze Age date, situated in a prominent location at the top of a steep south west facing scarp of Cumrew Fell with extensive views to the south west and overlooked by a ridge from the north east. The group contains at least eight cairns, which vary in diameter from 2.5m to 20m. Two of the cairns are conjoined and at least three of the group have clear evidence of kerb stones with one also having a cist, which indicates them to be burial cairns. The largest cairn in the group, known as Car-dunneth or Cardunnock Pike, measures approximately 20m in diameter and 3.5m in height. The cairn has signs of some disturbance and has been repaired to its current state. It was partially excavated in the 19th century when a number of cremations were found contained within urns.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: CU 70
Legacy System: RSM - OCN
PastScape Monument No:- 12546
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing