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Royal Commission Fortification: unfinished battery at Knatterbury

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Royal Commission Fortification: unfinished battery at Knatterbury

List entry Number: 1007299

Location

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Maker-with-Rame

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Feb-1976

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM - OCN

UID: CO 979

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Royal Commission fortifications are a group of related sites established in response to the 1859 Royal Commission report on the defence of the United Kingdom. This had been set up following an invasion scare caused by the strengthening of the French Navy. These fortifications represented the largest maritime defence programme since the initiative of Henry VIII in 1539-40. The programme built upon the defensive works already begun at Plymouth and elsewhere and recommended the improvement of existing fortifications as well as the construction of new ones. There were eventually some 70 forts and batteries in England which were due wholly or in part to the Royal Commission. These constitute a well defined group with common design characteristics, armament and defensive provisions. Whether reused or not during the 20th century, they are the most visible core of Britain's coastal defence systems and are known colloquially as `Palmerston's follies'. The Royal Commission unfinished battery at Knatterbury forms part of a unique chain of fortifications on the Rame peninsula and is important because it was never completed and will provide archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the method of construction applied to other fortifications of this period which were finished.

History

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Details

The monument includes a Royal Commission fortification situated on the Rame peninsula at the summit of Wiggle Cliff, overlooking Captain Blake's Point in Whitsand Bay. The fortification survives as the five-sided earthwork remains of an unfinished battery with parts of the outer rampart visible on the western (seaward) side standing to a height of 1.5m. It is separated from an inner rampart bank of up to 2.1m high by a shallow 0.9m wide ditch. Behind the inner rampart is a second ditch of up to 2.4m deep. The inner bank has four rectangular brick and concrete buildings set into it. To the rear of the battery is a scarp of approximately 1.2m high and elsewhere the earthworks survive differentially, but are visible on aerial photographs. The battery was never finished. A small work was proposed on Knatterbury Hill in 1860; land was purchased and some basic ground works commenced but this work was abandoned before 1869. Other similar fortifications in the vicinity are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:- PastScape Monument No:-437736

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SX 42138 50064

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Oct-2017 at 09:28:49.

End of official listing