Botley Stone, a ring cairn on Churchmoor Hill, 600m north-west of Churchmoor Farm.
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 01-Nov-2020 at 01:07:49.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
- Lydbury North
- National Grid Reference:
- SO 40694 89558
Reasons for Designation
A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of
stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may
be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small
uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of
England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground
level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial
photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples.
Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are
interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact
nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has
revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and
pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial
rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the
number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available
evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a
relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form,
all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological
deposits are considered worthy of preservation.
Botley Stone ring cairn survives well and is a good example of this class of unusual monument. It is largely undisturbed and will retain primary archaeological deposits and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed. It is one of a group of monuments of similar age and function which occur on The Long Mynd and, as such, contributes information relating to the intensity of settlement and type of land-use occuring on this area of upland during the Bronze Age.
The monument includes the remains of a small ring cairn situated on the summit
of Churchmoor Hill. The monument is visible as a well defined, doughnut shaped
mound 9m in diameter, comprising a turf covered circular bank 2.5m wide and
0.5m high surrounding a central hollow 4m in diameter and 0.4m deep. Although
no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument, surrounds the bank. This has become
infilled with the passage of time but survives as a buried feature some 1.5m
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing