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Round cairn 490m south east of White Raise round cairn, Askham Fell

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn 490m south east of White Raise round cairn, Askham Fell

List entry Number: 1007378

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Askham

National Park: LAKE DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 30-Nov-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Jul-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22528

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the centre of the monument, the round cairn 490m south east of White Raise round cairn survives well. This investigation located human remains and pottery, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath. The monument lies within an area of open fell rich in prehistoric monuments, and is situated upon an alignment of funerary monuments stretching for over 1.5km along the natural communication route over a col between Lowther and Ullswater valleys. It thus indicates the importance of this area in prehistoric times and will contribute to the study of the ceremonial function of cairns and other spatially associated monuments in the area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on top of a very low hillock on Askham Fell 490m south east of White Raise round cairn. It includes a slightly flattened oval mound of stones up to 1.4m high with maximum dimensions of 17m by 15m. Near the western end of the cairn's summit is a line of three orthostats up to 0.5m high aligned north-south. A series of three stone banks extend from the body of the cairn. The longest measures 10m long by 2.5m wide by 0.25m high, is orientated north east - south west, and points directly towards Askham Fell stone alignment. On the cairn's north eastern side are two further shorter banks up to 4.5m long. Limited antiquarian investigation opposite the largest orthostat by Canon Simpson located a cremation beneath fragments of an inverted urn, the rim of which was 0.33m in diameter.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 23-4
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 23
Quartermaine, J, Askham Fell Survey Catalogue, (1992), 21
Other
SMR No. 2945, Cumbria SMR, Moor Divock, (1985)
To Quartermaine,J (Site surveyor), Clare, T (County Archaeologist),

National Grid Reference: NY 49303 22183

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007378 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 02:07:20.

End of official listing