This browser is not fully supported by Historic England. Please update your browser to the latest version so that you get the best from our website.

Round cairn 1.062km south-west of Higher Langdon Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn 1.062km south-west of Higher Langdon Farm

List entry Number: 1007476

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: St. Neot

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Feb-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 15260

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

This round cairn on the Browngelly Downs has survived substantially intact despite the limited and well-defined disturbance from the antiquarian excavation. The proximity of this cairn to those other broadly contemporary cairns, settlement sites and field systems on the Browngelly Downs demonstrates well the nature of funerary practices and their relationships to farming practices and habitation during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric funerary round cairn situated on the south-east lower slope of the Browngelly Downs on southern Bodmin Moor. The cairn is located near another broadly contemporary round cairn and both cairns are situated in an area containing traces of medieval cultivation ridges. The round cairn survives with a largely turf-covered circular mound of heaped rubble, 5.6m in diameter and up to 0.6m high. Unrecorded antiquarian excavation has produced a near-circular central hollow, 1.5m in diameter and 0.2m deep and, on the cairn's western edge, an incurving hollow 2m wide, extending 0.6m into the body of the mound. The hillslope on which this monument is situated contains traces of medieval cultivation ridges, visible as almost straight, parallel, low earthen banks, each 2-3m wide and up to 0.2m high, separated by intervening furrows and running downslope, SW-NE. The ridging extends almost to the edges of the cairn. Beyond the monument, a second funerary round cairn is located 120m to the south-west, while on the summit ridge of the Browngelly Downs, 530m to the north-west, are five very large and prominent funerary cairns. Extensive broadly contemporary settlement sites and field systems are located on the eastern slope of the Downs, 160m to the north.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
consulted 1993, Carter, A./Fletcher, M.J./RCHME, 1:2500 AP plot and field trace for SX 2072,
consulted 1993, Carter, A./Fletcher, M.J./RCHME, 1:2500 AP plots and field traces for SX 1972 & SX 2072,
consulted 1993, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1240.2,

National Grid Reference: SX 20147 72366

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007476 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 24-Oct-2017 at 10:35:02.

End of official listing