Defended settlement, 700m north of Overacres
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1007526
Date first listed: 22-Feb-1962
Date of most recent amendment: 04-Oct-1993
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This copy shows the entry on 26-Mar-2019 at 01:56:55.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: NY 90716 93839
Reasons for Designation
During the later prehistoric period (7th - 5th centuries BC) a variety of
different types of defensive settlements were constructed and occupied in the
northern uplands of England. The most obvious sites were hillforts built in
prominent locations. In addition to these a range of smaller sites, sometimes
with an enclosed area of less than 1ha and defined as defended settlements,
were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others are
found in less prominent positions. The enclosing defences were of earthen
construction, some sites having a single bank and ditch (univallate), others
having more than one (multivallate). At some sites these earthen ramparts
represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or
palisade. Within the enclosure a number of stone or timber-built round houses
were occupied by the inhabitants. Stock may also have been kept in these
houses, especially during the cold winter months, or in enclosed yards outside
them. The communities occupying these sites were probably single family
groups, the defended settlements being used as farmsteads.
Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element
of the later prehistoric settlement pattern of the northern uplands and are
important for any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during
this period. All well-preserved examples are believed to be of national
The defended settlement north of Overacres is exceptionally well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits. It will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of prehistoric settlement and activity in the area.
The monument includes a multivallate defended settlement of Iron Age date
situated in an elevated position on the summit of Camp Hill commanding
extensive views in all directions. The settlement, roughly circular in shape,
measures 83m in diameter within three substantial ramparts of earth and stone
and three ditches. The inner rampart ranges from 3m to 7m wide and stands to a
height of 1m. The central rampart is 4m to 8m wide and stands to a height of
1m and the outer rampart is 4m wide and is on average 2m high. The three
ditches are between 4m and 6m wide and vary in depth from 0.1m to 1m. The
two main ditches lie between the ramparts. The third one, which is much
slighter than the other two, lies within the inner rampart and is probably
just a quarry from which material used in the construction of the adjacent
rampart was extracted. There are two entrances 3m wide in the north-east and
south-west sides of the enclosure; that in the latter side is staggered and
has been equipped with an additional stretch of defensive rampart blocking the
easiest form of access from attack. Within the enclosure there are at least
four circular depressions; these are thought to be the sites of round timber
prehistoric houses. The stone field wall which lies immediately inside the
constraint area on the south-eastern side of the monument is excluded from the
scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 21042
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Hogg, A H A, 'Proc Soc Antiq Ncle 4 ser 11' in A New List of the Native Sites of Northumberland, (1946), 169
Jobey, G, 'Archaeologia Aeliana' in Hill Forts and Settlements in Northumberland, (1965), 60
NY 99 SW 11,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing