Cow Green long barrow
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Jul-2021 at 16:04:01.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Eden (District Authority)
- Crosby Ravensworth
- National Park:
- YORKSHIRE DALES
- National Grid Reference:
- NY 61529 11992
Reasons for Designation
Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.
Cow Green long barrow survives well and remains unexcavated. The monument is one of only 20 long barrows recorded in Cumbria and as such it lies outside the distinct regional groupings of these monuments found in the Cotswolds, the downlands of Wessex, and the Wolds of Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. It will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath it.
The monument is Cow Green long barrow. It is located on a gently sloping
north-east facing hillside immediately above the steep-sided valley of the
Lyvennet Beck. The monument includes an earth and stone mound up to 33m long
orientated ENE-WSW. It is up to 2m high and 16m wide at the eastern end but
reduces in both width and height towards the western end where it measures up
to 1m high and 7m wide. The monument is not known to have been excavated.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Long Barrows, (1988)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing