Bowl barrow 20m east of Ravens' Gill
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1007603
Date first listed: 18-Feb-1993
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Eden (District Authority)
Parish: Crosby Ravensworth
National Grid Reference: NY 62754 11927
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite some minor stock erosion to the monument's surface, the bowl barrow 20m east of Ravens' Gill survives reasonably well. It is a rare survival in Cumbria of an unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface.
The monument is a bowl barrow located on the western edge of a narrow plateau
east of Ravens' Gill between the bottom of a hillslope and the steep declivity
to the gill. It includes a slightly oval earthen mound up to 0.6m high with
maximum dimensions of 8m by 7.5m.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 22484
Legacy System: RSM
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing