Bowl barrow 20m east of Ravens' Gill

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1007603
Date first listed:
18-Feb-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 20m east of Ravens' Gill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Cumbria
District:
Eden (District Authority)
Parish:
Crosby Ravensworth
National Grid Reference:
NY 62754 11927

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some minor stock erosion to the monument's surface, the bowl barrow 20m east of Ravens' Gill survives reasonably well. It is a rare survival in Cumbria of an unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Details

The monument is a bowl barrow located on the western edge of a narrow plateau east of Ravens' Gill between the bottom of a hillslope and the steep declivity to the gill. It includes a slightly oval earthen mound up to 0.6m high with maximum dimensions of 8m by 7.5m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
22484
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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