Tor cairn on Stiperstones, 130m SSE of Manstone Rock.
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Jun-2019 at 10:31:44.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SO 36779 98515
Reasons for Designation
Tor cairns are ceremonial monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age (c.2000-1000 BC). They comprise a circular bank of stone rubble, up to 35m in external diameter, sometimes with an entrance and an external ditch, constructed around a natural rock outcrop or tor. Excavated examples have revealed post-holes and pits within the area defined by the ring-bank, some containing burial evidence, and scatters of Bronze Age artefacts. Tor cairns usually occur as single monuments often in association with other types of burial cairn of similar age. They are nationally rare monuments which occur only in areas of high moorland where there are suitable outcrops of rock. The tor cairn on the Stiperstones, hitherto recorded as a round cairn, exhibits the diagnostic characteristics of the class and must be considered as a well preserved example of this rare group of monuments. It survives largely undisturbed and will retain archaeological deposits in the interior between the outcrop and the ring-bank. It will also preserve environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was constructed. It is one of several burial cairns of similar age which occur grouped around the Stiperstone outcrops and, as such, contributes important information relating to the density of settlement, social structure and land use of this area of upland during the Bronze Age period.
The monument includes the remains of a tor cairn situated on the summit of
Stiperstones, a narrow north to south orientated ridge of high ground. The
cairn comprises a ring bank of angular stone rubble construction averaging
1.2m wide and 0.4m high, surrounding a natural stone outcrop with dimensions
of 6.6m north to south by 5m east to west and standing 1.2m high. The ring
bank is slightly flattened in the south-west quarter, where it lies against
the edge of the boulder, before swinging out and away from the outcrop, around
the remaining sides, to form a roughly ovoid enclosure 10.3m north to south by
8.5m east to west. There is no visible trace of an entrance. Although no
longer visible as a surface feature, a ditch, from which material was quarried
during the construction of the ring bank, may survive as a buried feature with
an approximate width of 1.5m.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing