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Tor cairn on Stiperstones, 130m SSE of Manstone Rock.

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Tor cairn on Stiperstones, 130m SSE of Manstone Rock.

List entry Number: 1007706

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Shropshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Ratlinghope

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Feb-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 19115

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Tor cairns are ceremonial monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age (c.2000-1000 BC). They comprise a circular bank of stone rubble, up to 35m in external diameter, sometimes with an entrance and an external ditch, constructed around a natural rock outcrop or tor. Excavated examples have revealed post-holes and pits within the area defined by the ring-bank, some containing burial evidence, and scatters of Bronze Age artefacts. Tor cairns usually occur as single monuments often in association with other types of burial cairn of similar age. They are nationally rare monuments which occur only in areas of high moorland where there are suitable outcrops of rock. The tor cairn on the Stiperstones, hitherto recorded as a round cairn, exhibits the diagnostic characteristics of the class and must be considered as a well preserved example of this rare group of monuments. It survives largely undisturbed and will retain archaeological deposits in the interior between the outcrop and the ring-bank. It will also preserve environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was constructed. It is one of several burial cairns of similar age which occur grouped around the Stiperstone outcrops and, as such, contributes important information relating to the density of settlement, social structure and land use of this area of upland during the Bronze Age period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a tor cairn situated on the summit of Stiperstones, a narrow north to south orientated ridge of high ground. The cairn comprises a ring bank of angular stone rubble construction averaging 1.2m wide and 0.4m high, surrounding a natural stone outcrop with dimensions of 6.6m north to south by 5m east to west and standing 1.2m high. The ring bank is slightly flattened in the south-west quarter, where it lies against the edge of the boulder, before swinging out and away from the outcrop, around the remaining sides, to form a roughly ovoid enclosure 10.3m north to south by 8.5m east to west. There is no visible trace of an entrance. Although no longer visible as a surface feature, a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the ring bank, may survive as a buried feature with an approximate width of 1.5m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SO 36779 98515

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1007706 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2017 at 10:26:31.

End of official listing