Three confluent bowl barrows 340m ESE of Freshwater Bay Golf Clubhouse: part of a round barrow cemetery on Afton Down
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 23-Jul-2021 at 16:37:14.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SZ 35532 85743
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
Despite at least one of the barrows being partially excavated, each of the three confluent bowl barrows on Afton Down will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrow cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed. Three small confluent barrows are a relatively rare occurrence, and this is enhanced by the fact that they form part of a round barrow cemetery.
The monument includes three confluent bowl barrows situated on a west facing
hillside overlooking the coastline on the south western part of the Isle of
Each of the confluent barrows has a mound with a width south east-north west
of 7.5m, 7m and 5m respectively. The width of the mounds north east-south west
ranges from 9.8m to 7.5m. All three mounds are c.0.5m high. Surrounding each
mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction.
These have become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen at ground
level, but survive as buried features c.2m wide.
The middle barrow of the three displays evidence of antiquarian excavation,
and at least one of the barrows was partially excavated by the Rev J Skinner
in the 19th century who found parts of urns and burnt bones.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
'Proceeding of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 1, (1929), 656
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Society, , Vol. 3, (1940), 195-7
Add. Mss. BM 33650, 33652, (1817)
Skinner, Rev. J., Add. Mss. BM 33650, 33652, (1817)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing