Bowl barrow in Brighstone Forest: 850m NNE of Coombe Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007799

Date first listed: 18-Jul-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Brighstone Forest: 850m NNE of Coombe Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Brighstone

National Grid Reference: SZ 43257 84488

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bowl barrow in Brighstone Forest will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This barrow is amongst a number which survive in the area of Brighstone Down.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a south east facing slope. The mound has a diameter of 15m and is 1.7m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become partly infilled over the years but can still be seen as a shallow depression c.2.5m wide and c.0.5m deep. There is a central depression in the top of the barrow mound indicative of an antiquarian excavation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21978

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings of the Isle of Wight Nat Hist and Arch Society' in Proceedings of the Isle of Wight Nat Hist and Arch Society, , Vol. 3 Pt III, (1940), 204
'Transactions of the British Archaeological Association' in Transactions of the British Archaeological Association, (1845), 149

End of official listing