Two bowl barrows on Brighstone Down within the area of Brighstone Forest: 1.1km NNE of Coombe Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1007801
Date first listed: 01-Nov-1967
Date of most recent amendment: 08-Aug-1994
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: SZ 43083 84764
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite evidence for partial excavation of one of the barrows, the two bowl barrows in Brighstone Forest survive well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrows and the landscape in which they were constructed. These barrows are amongst a number which survive in the area of Brighstone Down.
The monument includes two bowl barrows orientated north west-south east and
set on a gently sloping west-facing slope in an area of chalk downland.
The barrows have mounds measuring 9m and 6m in diameter and are both 1m high.
Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. These have become infilled over the years and can no longer be
seen at ground level but survive as buried features c.2m wide.
There is a central depression in the top of one of the barrow mounds
indicative of an antiquarian excavation.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 21980
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc, , Vol. 3, (1940), 204
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing