Enclosure and stone hut circle 80m north of White Tor fort
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 26-Jan-2021 at 06:03:57.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Devon (District Authority)
- Peter Tavy
- National Park:
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 54187 78796
Reasons for Designation
Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor
there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of
stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though
earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or
as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size
and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their
particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to
other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The enclosure and stone hut circle 80m north of White Tor hillfort survive comparatively well and form part of a scattered group of at least seven enclosed settlements situated on the slopes of White Tor. It lies on the edge of a well preserved coaxial field system and close to the important hillfort on the summit of White Tor. Both the hut circle and enclosure contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed and, as such, provide a valuable source of information concerning the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side of the Moor.
This monument includes a stone hut circle situated within a small enclosure
lying at the base of a cliff on a north-facing slope overlooking the valley of
the River Tavy. The enclosure is irregular in plan and measures a maximum of
26m from north to south and 18m from east to west and is defined by a rubble
bank with an average width of 1m standing up to 0.5m high. The entrance is
placed centrally in the northern wall and measures 2m high.
The stone hut circle is placed against the southern end of the western wall of
the enclosure. The hut's wall is composed of a rubble bank measuring 1.5m
wide and standing up to 0.3m high and the interior of the structure measures
2m long by 1.5m wide. The doorway faces east and is defined by a gap in the
rubble bank. The monument lies in close proximity to a number of contemporary
settlements, a hillfort and a coaxial field system.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NW3,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing