Moated site, fishponds and associated earthworks, west of All Saints Church, Milton Keynes Village.

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1007939

Date first listed: 07-Jun-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Dec-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Moated site, fishponds and associated earthworks, west of All Saints Church, Milton Keynes Village.
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Milton Keynes (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Milton Keynes

National Grid Reference: SP 88644 39180

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

This moated site includes an associated fishpond complex and an area of ridge and furrow cultivation surviving as earthworks. When considered as a whole, this monument provides a particularly complete example of a medieval agricultural holding of considerable size and wealth.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a moated site, associated fishponds and earthworks situated to the west of All Saint's Church, Milton Keynes village. The moat lies adjacent to the west wall of the churchyard, itself raised on a platform, and comprises an enclosed level platform some 45m from north to south by 35m from east to west. The east and west arms of the moat survive as shallow hollows, the western side flanked along its outer edge by a broad spread bank. Around the north the moat is more visible, surviving as a substantial ditch up to 12m wide by 2m deep. To the south, the inner scarp only of the platform can be traced. The ditch here opens into a shallow roughly rectangular hollow and extends to the south of the moat itself, bounded at its southern extent by a low spread bank. It is probable that this represents a rectangular pond or mere attached to the moat. Some 170m northwest and linked to the moat by a series of linear banks and ditches, are the remains of five interlocking fishponds, all now dry. They extend over an area some 100m north to south by 70m east to west. he fishpond complex is linked to the moat by a shallow ditch or leat, probably a supply channel from the moat to the ponds. To the immediate north and parallel to it, a linear bank follows the line of the leat, ending at its eastern end in a low, flat topped mound of uncertain age and function. A second shallow hollow runs parallel to the former, north of the linear bank. It may represent a second supply channel but has more the appearance of a hollow way. To the south of the fishpond complex an area of medieval ridge and furrow cultivation can be recognised, averaging 8m wide and up to 0.7m high. Historical sources suggest that the remains probably represent the site of a manor house and associated fishfarm, referred to in 1418 as the Pondwykes.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 19006

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SMR NO: 3660, Bucks SMR,
SMR NO: 3660, Bucks SMR, Fishpond,
Title: Source Date: 1974 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: NAR NO: SP 83 NE 9

End of official listing