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Bell barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery 400m north-east of West Kennett Farm on Overton Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bell barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery 400m north-east of West Kennett Farm on Overton Hill

List entry Number: 1008099

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Avebury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Mar-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Jan-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21726

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

The monument includes a well preserved and unexcavated example of a bell barrow, a rare type of monument, located within a wider round barrow cemetery. The barrow will contain archaeological and environmental evidence of the burial practices and construction methods of the Bronze Age communities who lived in the region, as well as preserving evidence of the earlier land use of the area on the ground surface below the mound. The relationship between the barrow and the adjacent field system provides evidence for the development of the landscape in the Avebury area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a well preserved and prominent Bronze Age bell barrow, forming part of a round barrow cemetery, set within a field system of later prehistoric date, 900m north-east of West Kennett Farm on Overton Hill. The monument is situated towards the top of a steep slope which overlooks the River Kennet and the Avebury Henge monument to the north-east. The bell barrow is 22.5m in diameter and stands up to 4.68m high. Surrounding the mound is a berm or platform 8.2m wide and beyond this a ditch from which material was quarried during construction of the monument. Although the ditch has been infilled by cultivation, it survives as a buried feature 4.5m wide. The barrow is not believed to have been excavated, unlike many examples in the Avebury area. The barrow is located within an area of earthworks which represent an ancient field system. These earthworks survive as a series of banks 1.5m wide and c.0.2m high. Parts of this system lie immediately adjacent to the barrow and are included within the scheduling to illustrate the relationship between the field system and the barrow.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 6 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
CAO, Field system, (1989)
SU 16 NW 48, RCHM(E), Avebury 30, (1978)
SU 16 NW 604, CAO, Avebury 30 Bell barrow, (1989)

National Grid Reference: SU 11747 69176

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008099 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 09:30:38.

End of official listing