Bowl barrow south of The Beeches: part of Plumpton Plain round barrow cemetery
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1008155
Date first listed: 07-Jul-1994
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This copy shows the entry on 24-Mar-2019 at 07:31:15.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
County: East Sussex
District: Lewes (District Authority)
Parish: East Chiltington
National Park: SOUTH DOWNS
National Grid Reference: TQ 36966 12599
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrow and date from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age. Most examples were constructed in the period 2400-1500 BC. They occur across most of lowland Britain and, although superficially similar in appearance, exhibit regional variations of form and a diversity of burial practices. The bowl barrow south of The Beeches survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The monument includes a bowl barrow, one of a group of 15 round barrows
forming a linear round barrow cemetery running from west to east along a ridge
of the Sussex Downs. The bowl barrow has a circular mound 7m in diameter and
0.3m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material used to
construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years
but is visible as an area of coarser vegetation c.2m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 24380
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 258
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing