Bowl barrow 500m south-east of Swell Wold Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1008203
Date first listed:
25-Mar-1948
Date of most recent amendment:
25-Mar-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 500m south-east of Swell Wold Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Gloucestershire
District:
Cotswold (District Authority)
Parish:
Swell
National Grid Reference:
SP 14131 26484

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 500m south-east of Swell Wold Farm survives well and is known to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a gently sloping east-facing slope. The barrow, known as the Swell Wold round barrow, has a mound composed of small stones 26m in diameter and c.2m high. This is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become partially infilled over the years, but remains visible as an earthwork 5m wide on the northern side of the monument, and survives as a buried feature elsewhere. Fragments of a Middle-Late Bronze Age urn and burnt bones were found in a rabbit scrape on the barrow mound in 1935. This monument forms one of a group of similar monuments known to occur locally.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
22873
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Other
Mention of finds from the site,
The name of the monument,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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