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Little Round Table henge

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Little Round Table henge

List entry Number: 1008237

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Yanwath and Eamont Bridge

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 31-Mar-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23676

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Henges are ritual or ceremonial centres which date to the Late Neolithic period (2800-2000 BC). They were constructed as roughly circular or oval- shaped enclosures comprising a flat area over 20m in diameter enclosed by a ditch and external bank. One, two or four entrances provided access to the interior of the monument, which may have contained a variety of features including timber or stone circles, post or stone alignments, pits, burials or central mounds. Finds from the ditches and interiors of henges provide important evidence for the chronological development of the sites, the types of activity that occurred within them and the nature of the environment in which they were constructed. Henges occur throughout England with the exception of south-eastern counties and the Welsh Marches. They are generally situated on low ground, often close to springs and water-courses. Henges are rare nationally with about 80 known examples. As one of the few types of identified Neolithic structures and in view of their comparative rarity, all henges are considered to be of national importance.

Little Round Table is one of a group of three henges clustered near to the confluence of the Rivers Eamont and Lowther. Despite mutilation of the monument's eastern side by road construction, survey of the remainder of the monument together with limited excavation have confirmed the survival of the henge's low earthworks, entrance and outer ditch. It will contain evidence of the activities undertaken within the internal area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes much of the western half of Little Round Table henge. It is located on a comparatively flat alluvial river terrace between an escarpment to the west and the steep slope to the River Lowther to the east, and lies a short distance from the confluence of the Rivers Eamont and Lowther. The eastern half of the henge would have extended across to the present river bank. No archaeological remains have yet been confirmed to survive on this side of the monument and hence it is not included in the scheduling. Faint remains of the henge include a low curving bank on the northern side which measures some 30m in length and is up to c.4.9m wide by 0.15m high. On the southern side of the site there are remains of a low discontinuous earthen bank with some stone visible, much reduced and spread to a width of 9.4m and up to 0.3m high. Antiquarian reports noted an outer ditch surrounding the enclosure and an entrance at the NNE. Limited excavation in 1939 across the projected line of the monument's northern perimeter located the outer ditch and found it to be V-shaped in profile and up to 4m wide by 2m deep. The entrance to the monument was also located during the excavation. In 1988 further survey work found the monument to measure 92m in diameter overall. All fences, walls, railings, gateposts, and the surface of a farmtrack are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Pennant, T, A Tour in Scotland; 1769, (1790), 277-8
Stuckley, W, Itinerarium Curiosum, (1776), 43
Atkinson, W, 'Trans Cumb & West Antiq & Arch Soc. Old Ser.' in On Some Earthworks Near Eamont Bridge, , Vol. VI, (1883), 444-55
Bersu, G, 'Trans Cumb and West Antiq and Arch Soc. New Ser.' in King Arthur's Round Table. Final Rep With App On Lit Round Table, , Vol. 40, (1940), 169-206
Topping, P, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in The Penrith Henges: A Survey By the RCHME, , Vol. 58, (1992), 249-64
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Henges, (1989)
Title: Ordnance Survey 25" Source Date: 1859 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Westmorland Sheet III, 16
Title: Ordnance Survey 25" Source Date: 1897 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Westmorland Sheet III, 16

National Grid Reference: NY 52387 28180

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008237 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 09:03:31.

End of official listing