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Clennell Street palisaded settlement

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Clennell Street palisaded settlement

List entry Number: 1008272

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Northumberland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Alwinton

National Park: NORTHUMBERLAND

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 14-Nov-1984

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Mar-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25013

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A palisaded hilltop enclosure is a small defended site of domestic function dating to the Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age (c.550-440 BC). Their distribution is largely restricted to north-eastern England, the Borders and southern Scotland. They are generally located on spurs, promontories or hilltops covering areas of less then 0.4ha. The boundaries of these sites are marked by single or double rock-cut trenches which originally formed the settings for substantial palisades. Remains of circular buildings are found within the palisaded areas, along with evidence for fenced stock enclosures. Palisaded sites are the earliest type of defended settlements recorded in the area and are thought to be a product of increasingly unsettled social conditions in the later prehistoric period. They imply an extensive use of timber, confirmation that large areas were heavily wooded at this time. Although the palisades at individual sites may have undergone several phases of replacement or refurbishment it is thought that the tradition of building this type of site spanned only around 150 years. After this the use of earthen banks and ditches to form the defensive perimeter became more common. Excavation has demonstrated that at several sites the earthen defences were preceded by timber palisades. Palisaded enclosures are a rare monument type with fewer than 200 known examples. They are an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern and are important for any study of the developing use of defended settlements during the later prehistoric period. All identified surviving examples are believed to be nationally important.

Clennell Street palisaded settlement is reasonably well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits. It is one of a group of palisaded settlements in the border area of England and Scotland and will contribute to our knowledge and understanding of Early Iron Age settlement and activity in the north.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a palisaded settlement of Early Iron Age date situated slightly below the crest of a hill on a south facing slope. The settlement comprises the remains of at least seven circular timber houses ranging in size from 5m to 10m in diameter. Surrounding the houses there are the remains of the shallow groove of a rock cut palisade trench.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
621,

National Grid Reference: NT 91822 07594

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1008272 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 01:24:56.

End of official listing