Bowl barrow 650m SE of Shalcombe Manor: part of a round barrow cemetery on Pay Down
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1008311
Date first listed: 29-Aug-1967
Date of most recent amendment: 02-Mar-1994
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: SZ 39828 85096
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
Despite having been ploughed in the past, the bowl barrow on Pay Down will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The monument includes a bowl barrow in a gently undulating downland setting.
It lies on a west facing hillside flanking a valley which runs north-south. To
the north, beyond the valley, are the flat plains reaching to the Solent.
The bowl barrow has a mound which measures 20m in diameter and 0.75m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. This can no longer be seen at ground level, but survives as a
buried feature c.4m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 22009
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Grinsell, , Sherwin, , 'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Procedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc, , Vol. 3, (1940), 202-3
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing