Bowl barrow 300m south of Fox Covert forming part of the Fox Covert round barrow cemetery on West Down


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008349

Date first listed: 07-May-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Feb-1994


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 300m south of Fox Covert forming part of the Fox Covert round barrow cemetery on West Down
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Avebury

National Grid Reference: SU 07728 68475


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the 17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation and reduction by cultivation, the bowl barrow 300m south of Fox Covert forms part of a nationally important round barrow cemetery and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow 300m south of Fox Covert which forms part of the Fox Covert round barrow cemetery on West Down. The barrow is situated immediately north of the road from Beckhampton to Devizes, downslope of the rest of the cemetery. The barrow survives as a low earthen mound which has been spread by cultivation to a diameter of 20m and which stands up to 0.5m high. This area includes what was originally a c.16m diameter barrow mound which has spread across the surrounding quarry ditch from which material was taken during the mound's construction. The ditch survives beneath the spread mound as a buried feature c.2m wide. This barrow was partially excavated in the 1840's by Merewether who found a secondary cremation burial contained within a richly ornamented urn.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21754

Legacy System: RSM


SU 06 NE 57, RCHM(E), Avebury 9, (1973)
SU 06 NE 679, CAO, Bowl barrow excavated by Merewether, (1989)
Title: Sheet SU 06 NE Source Date: 1961 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 6" Edition

End of official listing