Moated site in Crow's Wood, 700m south west of the ruined church of St James
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 28-Feb-2020 at 13:20:05.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- King's Lynn and West Norfolk (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- TF 65661 20334
Reasons for Designation
Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.
The moated site in Crow's Wood survives well and is unencumbered by modern building. The earthworks and central platform, and also the smaller enclosure, will retain archaeological information concerning the construction and use of the site. Evidence for earlier land use and the local environment at that time will be preserved in the soils buried beneath the raised platform and the external bank on the east side. The proximity of the site to the ruined church gives it additional interest.
The monument includes a moated site located on low ground in the parish of
Bawsey. The central platform of the moated site has dimensions of c.35m south
east-north west by c.33m north east-south west and is raised c.0.5m above the
prevailing ground level. This is surrounded by a moat ditch which has a
minimum depth of 1.2m and measures up to 13m wide with shallow, sloping sides
in the northern, eastern and southern arms, narrowing to a minimum of 5m wide
in the western arm. The moat is silted but remains damp at the bottom and
seasonally wet. The western arm is crossed by a causeway which has a dished
profile and is probably not original. Along the outer edge of the eastern arm
there is a broad, low bank c.0.4m in height and c.13m wide.
Adjoining the northern side of the moat, at the eastern end, is a smaller, external rectangular enclosure with internal dimensions of c.16m north west- south east by c.13m north east-south west, surrounded by a dry ditch c.4m wide and 0.75m deep. The eastern and western arms of this ditch end short of the outer edge of the moat ditch, in which there are corresponding bays, leaving causeways c.5m wide between.
The monument as a whole, including the external enclosure and the bank on the eastern side, has maximum overall dimensions of c.74m north east-south west by c.67m north west-south east.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing