Round barrow 250m south of Callis Wold Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1008366

Date first listed: 09-Sep-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 25-May-1994

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 250m south of Callis Wold Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: East Riding of Yorkshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bishop Wilton

National Grid Reference: SE 83156 55656

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation and plough damage this barrow will retain significant information on its original form and evidence of the burials placed within it.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric burial mound on High Callis Wold. The barrow mound survives to a height of 0.75m and is 40m in diameter. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was excavated during the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This feature has become in-filled over the years but survives as a buried feature 3m wide. The barrow was investigated twice during the 19th century, in 1864 and 1874, by local antiquarian J R Mortimer. During those excavations a central oak-lined grave containing the remains of one inhumation was found beneath the mound. A crushed food vessel, a beaker sherd, and two cremations were also discovered within it.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21105

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Yorkshire: Volume I, (1907), 367
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 156-157
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 153-156
'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia: Volume 75, , Vol. 75, (1924), 84, 92
Other
NMR,

End of official listing